Children with poorly controlled asthma aged six through twelve years, recruited through the Yakima Valley Farmworker Clinic, will be randomized to the clinic's usual asthma educational program or an enhanced version which includes two portable high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA/NH3) cleaners located in the child's sleeping area and living room. Children in the usual program group will receive HEPA/NH3 units after their study year. Children with asthma living near areas of high agricultural production experience high morbidity and our preliminary research finds significant effects of ambient concentrations of fine particulate matter and ammonia. Yet children spend the majority of their time indoors. Studies conducted in urban settings demonstrate that indoor particulate matter (PM) influences asthma outcomes and HEPA cleaners can reduce indoor and ambient generated PM. Data on asthma in rural settings is sparse, and trials incorporating HEPA portable air cleaners are lacking. This study seeks to characterize key indoor pollutant exposures for 75 children with asthma who reside within 400 meters of crop production or dairy operations.
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El Proyecto Bienestar
Yakima Valley Farmworkers Clinic