Publications

OEHOP Publications List

Last updated January 30, 2019

Publication Topics

Opiates (2003-ongoing)
Disability Risk/ Prevention Studies & Disability Risk Identification Study Cohort (D-RISC)
Centers of Occupational Health & Education (COHEs)
Managed Care Evaluation (1999-2003)
Lumbar Fusion
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and other entrapment neuropathies
CTS-MRI study
ARNP (2007-2008)
Evidence-base medicine / policy (EBM)
Utilization Review
Occupational hearing loss
Other

 

Opiates (2003- ongoing)

Fulton-Kehoe D, Von Korff M, Mai J, Weir V, Lofy K, Sabel J, Tauben D, Franklin GM. Surveillance of opioid prescribing as a public health intervention: Washington State Bree Collaborative Opioid Metrics. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2019 [Accepted for publication].

 

Sears JM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Schulman B, Hogg-Johnson S, Franklin GM. Opioid overdose hospitalization trajectories in states with and without opioid-dosing guidelines. Public Health Rep. 2019 July 31 [Epub ahead of print].

 

Franklin GM, Mercier M, Mai J, Tuman D, Fulton-Kehoe D, Wickizer T, Sears JM. Brief report: Population-based reversal of the adverse impact of opioids on disability in Washington State workers’ compensation. Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb; 62(2): 168-174.

 

Nkyekyer EW, Fulton-Kehoe D, Spector J, Franklin G. Opioid and benzodiazepine use before injury among workers in Washington state, 2012-2015. J Occup Environ Med. 2018 Sep;60(9):820-826.

 

Franklin GM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Turner JA, Wickizer T. Prescription Opioid Use and the Risk of Disability. Clin J Pain. 2018 Feb;34(2):190.

 

Garg RK, Fulton-Kehoe D, Franklin GM. Patterns of Opioid Use and Risk of Opioid Overdose Death among Medicaid Patients. Med Care. 2017 Jul;55(7):661-68.

 

Sullivan M, Bauer A, Fulton-Kehoe D, Garg R, Turner J, Wickizer T, Franklin GM. Trends in Opioid Dosing Among Washington State Medicaid Patients Before and After Opioid Dosing Guideline Implementation. J Pain 2016 May;17(5):561-8.

 

Fulton-Kehoe D, Sullivan MD, Turner JA, Garg RK, Bauer AM, Wickizer TM, Franklin GM. Opioid poisonings in Washington State medicaid: Trends, dosing, and guidelines. Med Care. 2015 Aug;53(8):679-685.

 

Franklin GM, Sabel J, Jones C, Mai J, Baumgartner C, Banta-Green CJ, Neven D, Tauben DJ. A comprehensive approach to address the prescription opioid epidemic in Washington State: Milestones and lessons learned. Am J Public Health. 2015 Mar;105(3):463-9.

 

Fulton-Kehoe D, Garg RK, Turner JA, Bauer AM, Sullivan MD, Wickizer TM, Franklin GM. Opioid poisonings and opioid adverse effects in workers in Washington State. Am J Ind Med. 2013;56(12):1452-1462.

 

Garg RK, Fulton-Kehoe D, Turner JA, Bauer AM, Wickizer TM, Sullivan MD, Franklin GM. Changes in opioid prescribing for Washington workers' compensation claimants after implementation of an opioid dosing guideline for chronic noncancer pain: 2004 to 2010. J Pain 2013 Dec;14(12):1620-8.

 

Franklin GM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Turner JA, Sullivan MD, Wickizer TM.  Changes in opioid prescribing for chronic pain in Washington State. J Am Board Fam Med 2013 July-August; 26(4): 394-400.

 

Franklin GM, Mai J, Turner, J, Sullivan, M, Wickizer T, Fulton-Kehoe D. Bending the prescription opioid dosing and mortality curves: Impact of the Washington State Opioid Dosing Guideline. Am J Ind Med 55:325-331, 2012.

 

Morse JS, Stockbridge H, Egan KB, Mai J, Wickizer T, Franklin GM. Primary care survey of the value and effectiveness of the Washington State Opioid Dosing Guideline. J Opioid Manag 7:427-33, 2011.

 

Franklin GM, Rahman EA, Turner JA, Daniell WE, Fulton-Kehoe D. Opioid use for chronic back pain: A prospective, population-based study among injured workers in Washington State, 2002-2005. Clin J Pain 25:743-751, 2009.

 

Franklin GM, Stover BD, Turner JA, Fulton-Kehoe D, Wickizer TM. Early opioid prescription and subsequent disability among workers with back injuries: The Disability Risk Identification Study Cohort. Spine 33:199-204, 2008.

 

Stover BD, Turner JA, Franklin G, Gluck JV, Fulton-Kehoe D, Sheppard L, Wickizer TM, Kaufman J, Egan K. Factors associated with early opioid prescription among workers with low back injuries. J Pain 7:718-725, 2006.

 

Franklin GM, Mai J, Wickizer T, Turner JA, Fulton-Kehoe D, Grant L. Opioid dosing trends and mortality in Washington State workers’ compensation, 1996-2002. Am J Ind Med 48:91-99, 2005.

 

Disability Risk Identification Study Cohort D-RISC study & disability risk/prevention studies

Franklin GM, Wickizer TM, Coe NB, Fulton-Kehoe D. Workers’ compensation: poor quality health care and the growing disability problem in the United States. Am J Ind Med. 2015 Mar;58(3):245-51.

 

Graves JM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Jarvik JG, Franklin GM. Health Care Utilization and Costs Associated with Adherence to Clinical Practice Guidelines for Early Magnetic Resonance Imaging among Workers with Acute Occupational Low Back Pain. Health Serv Res. 2014 Apr;49(2):645-65.

 

Keeney BJ, Turner JA, Fulton-Kehoe D, Wickizer TM, Gary Chan KC, Franklin GM.  Early Predictors of Occupational Back Re-Injury: Results from a Prospective Study of Workers in Washington State. Spine 38:178-187, 2013.

 

Keeney BJ, Fulton-Kehoe D, Turner JA, Wickizer TM, Chan KCG, Franklin GM. Early predictors of lumbar spine surgery after occupational back injury: Results from a prospective study of workers in Washington State. Spine 2013; 38(11): 953-964.

 

Keeney BJ, Fulton-Kehoe D, Wickizer TM, Turner JA, Chan KCG, Franklin GM. Clinically significant weight gain one year after occupational back injury. J Occup Environ Med 2013; 55 (3): 318-24.

 

Graves JM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Jarvik JG, Franklin GM. Early imaging for acute low back pain: One-year health and disability outcomes among Washington State workers. Spine 2012 37:1617-1627, 2012.

 

Graves JM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Martin DP, Jarvik JG, Franklin GM. Factors associated with early MRI utilization for acute occupational low back pain: A population-based study from Washington State workers compensation. Spine 37:1708-1718, 2012.

 

Fulton-Kehoe D, Stover B, Turner JA, Sheppard L, Gluck J, Wickizer T, Franklin GM. Development of a brief questionnaire to predict long-term disability. J Occup Environ Med 50:1042-1052, 2008.

 

Franklin GM, Stover BD, Turner JA, Fulton-Kehoe D, Wickizer TM. Early opioid prescription and subsequent disability among workers with back injuries: The Disability Risk Identification Study Cohort. Spine 33:199-204, 2008.

 

Turner JA, Franklin G, Fulton-Kehoe D, Sheppard L, Stover B, Wu R, Gluck JV, Wickizer TM. ISSLS prize winner: Early predictors of chronic work disability: A prospective, population-based study of workers with back injuries. Spine 33:2809-2818, 2008

 

Turner JA, Franklin G, Fulton-Kehoe D, Sheppard L, Wickizer TM, Wu R, Gluck JV, Egan K, Stover B. Early predictors of chronic work disability associated with carpal tunnel syndrome: a longitudinal workers’ compensation cohort study. Am J Ind Med 50:489-500, 2007.

 

Fulton-Kehoe D, Gluck J, Wu R, Mootz R, Wickizer TM, Franklin GM. Measuring work disability: What can administrative data tell us about patient outcomes? J Occup Environ Med 49:651-658, 2007.

 

Stover B, Wickizer TM, Zimmerman F, Fulton-Kehoe D, Franklin G. Prognostic factors of long-term disability in a workers’ compensation system. J Occup Environ Med 49:31-40, 2007.

 

Turner JA, Franklin G, Fulton-Kehoe D, Sheppard L, Wickizer TM, Wu R, Gluck JV, Egan K. Worker recovery expectations and fear-avoidance predict work disability in a population-based workers’ compensation back pain sample. Spine 31:682-689, 2006.

 

Turner JA, Franklin G, Fulton-Kehoe D, Egan K, Wickizer TM, Lymp JF, Sheppard L, Kaufman JD. Prediction of chronic disability in work-related musculoskeletal disorders: a prospective, population-based study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disord 5:14, 2004.

 

Turner JA, Franklin G, Heagerty PJ, Wu R, Egan K, Fulton-Kehoe D, Gluck JV, Wickizer TM. The association between pain and disability. Pain 112:307-314, 2004.

 

Turner JA, Fulton-Kehoe D, Franklin G, Wickizer TM, Wu R. Comparison of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and generic health status measures: a population-based study of workers’ compensation back injury claimants. Spine 28:1061-1067, 2003.

 

Turner JA, Franklin G, Turk, DC. Predictors of chronic disability in injured workers: a systematic literature synthesis Am J Ind. Med 38:707-722, 2000.

 

Fulton-Kehoe D, Franklin G, Weaver M, Cheadle A. Years of productivity lost among injured workers in Washington State: Modeling disability burden in workers’ compensation. Am J Ind Med 37:656-662, 2000.

 

Cheadle A, Franklin GM, Wolfhagen C, et al. Factors influencing duration of work-related disability: A population-based study from Washington State Workers’ Compensation. Am J Public Health 84:190-196, 1994.

 

Centers of Occupational Health and Education (2001 – ongoing)

Wickizer TM, Franklin GM, Fulton-Kehoe D. Innovations in occupational health care delivery can prevent entry into permanent disability: 8-year follow-up of the Washington State Centers for Occupational Health and Education. Med Care. 2018 Dec;56(12):1018-1023.

 

Wickizer TM, Franklin G, Fulton-Kehoe D, Gluck J, Mootz R, Smith-Weller T, Plaeger-Brockway R. Improving quality, preventing disability and reducing costs in workers’ compensation healthcare: A population-based intervention study. Med Care 49:1105-11, 2011.

 

Wickizer TM, Franklin GM, Mootz RD, Fulton-Kehoe D, Plaeger-Brockway R, Drylie D, Turner JA, Smith-Weller T. A communitywide intervention to improve outcomes and reduce disability among injured workers in Washington State. Milbank Quarterly 82:547-567, 2004.

 

Wickizer TM, Franklin G, Fulton-Kehoe D, Turner JA, Mootz R, Smith-Weller T. Patient satisfaction, treatment experience and disability outcomes in a population-based cohort of injured workers in Washington State: Implications for quality improvement. Health Serv Res 39:727-748, 2004.

 

Wickizer TM, Franklin G, Plaeger-Brockway R, Mootz R, Drylie D. Improving the quality of occupational health care in Washington State: new approaches to designing community-based health care systems. J Ambul Care Manage 25:43-52, 2002.

 

Wickizer, TM, Franklin G, Plaeger-Brockway R, Mootz RD. Improving the quality of workers’ compensation health care delivery: The Washington State Occupational Health Services Project. The Milbank Quarterly 79:5-33, 2001.

 

Managed Care Evaluation (1999-2003)

Kyes KB, Wickizer TM, Franklin GM. Employer satisfaction with workers’ compensation health care: Results of the Washington State workers’ compensation managed care program. J Occup Environ Med 45:234-240, 2003.

 

Kyes KB, Wickizer TM, Franklin G. Two-year health and employment outcomes among injured workers enrolled in the Washington State Managed Care Pilot Project. Amer J Ind Med 40:619-626, 2001.

 

Kyes KB, Wickizer T, Franklin G, Cain K, Cheadle A, Madden C, Murphy L, Plaeger-Brockway R, Weaver M. Evaluation of the Washington State workers’ compensation managed care pilot I: Medical outcomes and patient satisfaction. Med Care 37:972-981, 1999.

 

Cheadle A, Wickizer TM, Franklin G, Cain K, Joesch J, Kyes K, Madden C, Murphy L, Plaeger-Brockway R, Weaver M. Evaluation of the Washington State workers’ compensation managed care pilot project II: Medical and disability costs. Med Care 37:982-993, 1999

 

Lumbar fusion

Martin BI, Franklin GM, Deyo RA, Wickizer TM, Lurie JD, Mirza SK. How do coverage policies influence practice patterns, safety, and cost of initial lumbar fusion surgery? A population-based comparison of workers’ compensation systems. Spine J 2014 Jul 1;14(7):1237-46.

 

Martin BI, Mirza SK, Franklin GM, Lurie JD, Mackenzie TA, Deyo RA. Hospital and surgeon variation in complications and repeat surgery following incident lumbar fusion for common degenerative diagnoses. Health Serv Res 48:1-25, 2013.

 

Juratli SM, Mirza SK, Fulton-Kehoe D, Wickizer TM, Franklin GM. Mortality after lumbar fusion surgery. Spine 34:740-747, 2009.

 

Juratli S, Franklin GM, Mirza SK, Wickizer TM, Fulton-Kehoe D. Lumbar fusion outcomes in Washington State workers’ compensation. Spine 31:2715-2723, 2006.

 

Franklin GM, Haug JA, Heyer NJ, McKeefrey SP, Picciano J. Outcome of lumbar fusion in Washington State workers’ compensation. Spine 19:1897-1904, 1994.

 

Carpal Tunney Syndrome and other entrapment neuropathies (e.g., thoracic outlet) (see also CTS-MRI below & one in the DRISC cohort)

Franklin GM, Evanoff B. Treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: Surgery or more conservative management? Muscle Nerve. 2019 Jul;60(1):12-13.

 

Spector JT, Turner JA, Fulton-Kehoe D, Franklin G. Pre-surgery disability compensation predicts long-term disability among workers with carpal tunnel syndrome. Am J Ind Med 55:816-832, 2012.

 

Juratli SM, Nayan M, Fulton-Kehoe D, Robinson LR, Franklin GM. A population-based study of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow in Washington State workers’ compensation. Am J Ind Med 53: 1242-51, 2010.

 

Daniell WE, Fulton-Kehoe D, Franklin GM. Work-related carpal tunnel syndrome in Washington State workers’ compensation: utilization of surgery and the duration of lost work. Am J Ind Med 52:931-942, 2009.

 

Daniell WE, Fulton-Kehoe D, Chiou LA, Franklin GM. Work-related carpal tunnel syndrome in Washington State workers’ compensation: temporal trends, clinical practices, and disability. Am J Ind Med 48:259-269, 2005.

 

Franklin GM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Bradley C, Smith-Weller T. Outcome of thoracic outlet surgery in Washington State workers’ compensation. Neurology 54:1252-1257, 2000.

 

Adams ML, Franklin GM, Barnhart S. Outcome of carpal tunnel surgery in Washington workers’ compensation. Am J Ind Med 25:527-536, 1994.

 

Franklin GM, Haug J, Heyer N, Peck N, Checkoway H. Occupational carpal tunnel syndrome incidence in Washington State, 1984-1988. Am J Public Health 81:741-746, 1991.

 

CTS-MRI study (2002-2008)

Jarvik HG, Comstock BA, Heagerty PJ, Haynor DR, Fulton-Kehoe D, Kliot M, Franklin GM. Magnetic resonance imaging compared with electrodiagnostic studies in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome: predicting symptoms, function and surgical benefit at 1 year. J Neurosurg 108:541-550, 2008.

 

Jarvik JG, Yuen E, Haynor DR, Bradley CM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Smith-Weller T, Wu R, Kliot M, Kraft G, Wang L, Robinson L, Erlich V, Franklin GM. MR Nerve Imaging in a prospective cohort of patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome. Neurology 58:1597-1602, 2002.

 

ARNP (2007-2008)

Sears JM, Wickizer TM, Franklin GM, Cheadle AD, Berkowitz B. Expanding the role of nurse practitioners: effects on rural access to care for injured workers. J Rural Health 24:171-178, 2008.

 

Sears JM, Wickizer TM, Franklin GM, Cheadle AD, Berkowitz B. Nurse practitioners as attending providers for injured workers: Evaluating the effect of role expansion on disability and costs. Med Care 45:1154-1161, 2007.

 

Sears JM, Wickizer TM, Franklin GM, Cheadle AD,Berkowitz B. Nurse practitioners as attending providers for workers with uncomplicated back injuries: Using administrative data to evaluate quality and process of care. J Occup Environ Med 49:900-908, 2007.

 

Evidence-based medicine (EBM)

Graves JM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Jarvik JG, Franklin GM. Impact of an advanced imaging utilization review program on downstream health care utilization and costs for low back pain. Med Care. 2018 Jun;56(6):520-528.

 

Franklin GM, Wickizer TM, Fulton-Kehoe D, Turner JA. Policy-relevant research: When does it matter? NeuroRx 1:356-362, 2004.

 

Franklin GM, Fulton-Kehoe D. Outcomes research in Washington state workers’ compensation. Am J Ind Med 29:642–648, 1996.

 

Utilization Review

Wickizer TM, Franklin G, Gluck JV, Fulton-Kehoe D. Improving quality through identifying inappropriate care: the use of guideline-based utilization review protocols in the Washington State Workers’ Compensation System. J Occup Environ Med 46:198-204, 2004.

 

Battie MC, Fulton-Kehoe D, Franklin GM. The effects of a medical care utilization review program on back and neck injury claims. J Occup Environ Med 44:365-371, 2002.

 

Wickizer TM, Lessler D, Franklin G. Controlling workers’ compensation medical care use and costs through utilization management. J Occup Environ Med 41:625-631, 1999.

 

Occupational Hearing Loss

Daniell WE, Fulton-Kehoe D, Cohen M, Swan S, Franklin GM. Increased reporting of occupational hearing loss: Workers’ compensation in Washington State, 1984-1988. Am J Ind Med 42:502-510, 2002.

 

Daniell WE, Fulton-Kehoe D, Smith-Weller T, Franklin GM. Occupational hearing loss in Washington State, 1984-91: I. Statewide and industry-specific incidence. Am J Ind Med 33:519-528, 1998.

 

Daniell WE, Fulton-Kehoe D, Smith-Weller T, Franklin GM. Occupational hearing loss in Washington State, 1984-91: II. Morbidity and associated costs. Am J Ind Med 33:529-536, 1998.

 

Other

Franklin GM, Wickizer TM, Coe NB, Fulton-Kehoe D. Workers’ compensation: poor quality health care and the growing disability problem in the United States. Am J Ind Med. 2015 Mar;58(3):245-51.

 

Sears JM, Wickizer TM, Franklin GM. Overstating the prevalence of symptom exaggeration in workers’ compensation cases. J Hand Surg Am 33:1014-1015, 2008.

 

Robinson JP, Fulton-Kehoe D, Franklin GM, Wu R. Multidisciplinary pain center outcomes in Washington State Workers’ Compensation. J Occup Environ Med 46:473-8, 2004.

 

Wickizer TM, Franklin GM, Turner JA, Fulton-Kehoe D, Mootz R. Smith-Weller T. Use of attorneys in appeal filing in the Washington State workers’ compensation program: Does patient satisfaction matter? J Occup Environ Med 46:331-339; 2004.

 

Robinson JP, Fulton-Kehoe D, Martin DC, Franklin GM. Outcomes of pain center treatment in Washington State workers’ compensation. Am J Ind. Med 39:227-236, 2001.

 

Alexander BH, Franklin GM, Fulton-Kehoe D. A comparison of fatal and severe nonfatal traumatic work-related injuries in Washington State. Am J Ind Med 36:317-325, 1999.

 

Heyer NJ, Franklin GM. Work-related traumatic brain injury in Washington State, 1988 through 1990. Am J Public Health 84:1106-1109, 1994.

 

Alexander BH, Franklin GM, Wolfe ME. Sexual Assault of women at work in Washington State, 1980-1989. Am J Public Health 84:640-642, 1994.

 

Heyer NJ, Franklin G, Rivara FP, Parker P, Haug JA. Occupational injuries among minors doing farm work in Washington State: 1986 to 1989. Am J Public Health. 1992 Apr;82(4):557-60.