Following the community’s lead in the pandemic

Six people in masks stand around a sign in Spanish offering financial assistance during the pandemic to immigrants.

DEOHS researchers partner with communities of color across Washington to assess health equity and food security in the pandemic

Nonprofit Nuestra Casa, based in Yakima County, gave community members information on the Washington COVID-19 Immigrant Relief Fund during a drive-through event in October 2020. Photo: Courtesy of Nuestra Casa.

Last year, the University of Washington Population Health Initiative awarded COVID-19 population health equity research grants to three projects involving partnerships between UW Department of Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences (DEOHS) and community leaders.

Now the teams have reported their results, which highlight the importance of community engagement to improve health equity, access to COVID-19 vaccination and food security during the pandemic.

The awards support collaborations with communities of color disproportionately impacted by the pandemic to develop COVID-19 research projects that address community-identified needs.

A view from the pandemic frontlines

Portrait of Esther Min.

DEOHS Research Consultant Esther Min.

DEOHS researchers partnered with the nonprofit Front and Centered to research how community organizations have filled vital needs of communities on the frontlines of the pandemic and improved equity in access to COVID-19 testing and vaccination.

The team, led by DEOHS Research Consultant Esther Min and Associate Professor Edmund Seto, interviewed key community groups serving farmworkers, immigrants and others in central and eastern Washington.

They explored barriers and opportunities to connect community members with public health information about the pandemic, including COVID-19 testing and vaccination. They also conducted a survey of members of these organizations.

They found that the pandemic exacerbated existing health disparities, including access to personal protective equipment and health care, and that even greater engagement by community organizations could help. They published a report on the project and showcased the findings in a series of presentations organized by Front and Centered.

Screen shot of video in partnership with front and centered. Click on the image to go to youtube and view the video.

Click on the image to view the video

“We all suspected that community organizations were filling gaps that got bigger because of the pandemic,” said Min, who is also an environmental health lead for Front and Centered. “This study showcases the breadth and depth of their efforts.”

Read more about their study on our blog.

Team members:

  • Edmund Seto, DEOHS associate professor
  • Deric Gruen, co-executive director, programs and policy, Front and Centered
  • Aurora Martin, co-executive director, capacity building, Front and Centered
  • Esther Min, DEOHS research consultant

The value of native food sovereignty

Portrait of Jennifer Otten

DEOHS Associate Professor Jennifer Otten.

This collaboration among the UW Center for Public Health Nutrition, Washington State University, Tacoma Community College and the Northwest Tribal Epidemiology Center (NWTEC) aimed to develop culturally appropriate ways to measure food security issues important to American Indian and Alaska Native populations.

Through surveys, they focused on understanding the pandemic’s impact on existing food systems, resilience and food sovereignty.

The team, led by DEOHS Associate Professor Jennifer Otten, surveyed nearly 200 tribal members from 27 federally recognized tribes.

They are now producing research briefs based on their data analysis. After these briefs are completed, the team will hand over control of the data to NWTEC to inform COVID-19 response and future policy and research.

Team members:

  • Jennifer Otten, DEOHS associate professor and food systems director, UW Center for Public Health Nutrition
  • Victoria Warren-Mears, director, Northwest Tribal Epidemiology Center, Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board
  • Nora Frank-Buckner, Food Sovereignty Initiatives director, Northwest Tribal Epidemiology Center, Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board
  • Brinda Sivaramakrishnan, professor, Tacoma Community College
  • Laura Lewis, associate professor, Community and Economic Development, Washington State University
  • Adam Drewnowski, professor, Department of Epidemiology and Director, Center for Public Health Nutrition, UW School of Public Health

Food security and resilience in agricultural communities

Portrait of June Spector.

DEOHS Associate Professor June Spector.

This collaboration among DEOHS researchers, the Pacific Northwest Agricultural Safety and Health Center (PNASH) and the community organizations El Proyecto Bienestar, Northwest Communities Education Center and Radio KDNA aimed to identify challenges to food security in agricultural communities and identify solutions to bolster food security during the pandemic.

The team, led by DEOHS Associate Professor June Spector and Clinical Assistant Professor Edward Kasner, developed questions about changes in food security, adaptation and resilience during the pandemic in collaboration with community-based organizations. They then interviewed 50 people from farmworker families affiliated with four community-based organizations.

They plan to work with community-based organizations to analyze and interpret the data, and to organize a workshop to translate these research findings into action with support from PNASH.

Team members:

  • June Spector, associate professor, DEOHS and Department of Medicine, and director, Occupational & Environmental Medicine, UW
  • Elizabeth Torres, coordinator, El Proyecto Bienestar and Northwest Communities Education Center and Radio KDNA
  • Jennifer Krenz, DEOHS research coordinator
  • Maria Blancas, graduate student, Environmental and Forest Sciences, UW College of the Environment; outreach and education specialist, Pacific Northwest Agricultural Safety and Health Center (PNASH)
  • Jennifer Otten, DEOHS associate professor
  • Sarah Collier, DEOHS assistant professor
  • Yona Sipos, DEOHS lecturer
  • Edward Kasner, DEOHS clinical assistant professor and outreach director, PNASH