Practical Solutions for Pesticide Safety

PSPS Research and Project

This project will identify and evaluate solutions that farm managers, forest service managers, and pesticide handlers can implement to minimize pesticide exposures. The new resources will be applicable to the revised EPA Worker Protection Standard and recent food safety requirements. We will engage workers and managers in walk-through evaluations and field testing to identify key safety issues and novel solutions. This project will deliver the solutions through expanded hands-on pesticide training modules and the use of online media to ensure broad access.

These resources will expand the model used for our existing bilingual Practical Solutions for Pesticide Safety (PSPS) guide developed for pesticide handlers in the Washington State tree fruit industry. This project is working to develop new practical solutions for handheld application equipment used in nurseries (greenhouses), grass seed production, and forest services (reforestation) industries. We will engage with regional industry managers and handlers in the identification and evaluation of solutions that are effective, practical, and specific to these industries. The objectives are to develop and disseminate practical solutions that 1) reduce exposure; 2) are practical (compatible, convenient, adaptable, safe, novel, and meet regulations); and/or 3) support the training needs of the newly revised US EPA Worker Protection Standard.

We will employ three approaches to engage stakeholders. First, the Expert Working Group (EWG), a farm and research participatory model used for the original guide. EWG is a collaboration of the experts, managers and the pesticide handlers that know best the daily operational needs on the farm, and the research team.  Second, National Advisory Group with representatives from employer and agricultural and forestry worker organizations; pesticide educators, and federal agencies will support adapting the solutions for a national audience and advise on national dissemination. Third, we will create a practical solutions online community presence using web and social media tools for ongoing discussion and dissemination nationally.

We will identify practical solutions using worksite walkthroughs with checklists, interviews with handlers and managers, and submissions to the online forum. New solutions will be develop based on identified needs. Solutions will be evaluated based on selection criteria and field tested.  Some solutions will be used in the development of hands-on training modules for pesticide safety training in support of the WPS.

Specific Aims

Aim 1. Establish advisory groups to inform the development and dissemination of new practical solutions for handheld pesticide application equipment. 

Aim 2. Develop practical solutions for pesticide safety for handheld application equipment. 

Aim 3. Disseminate Practical Solutions for Pesticide Safety guide.


Principal Investigator: Kit Galvin, MPH, CIH
Senior Research Scientist, PNASH Center
University of Washington

NIOSH 2016-2021



NASD Online Training - Keeping Pesticide on the Farm: Practical Solutions for Minimizing Family Exposure


Pesticide Safety in Tree Fruit: Translating Research, Overcoming Barriers