Marguerite Pappaioanou, PhD

Affiliate Professor, Env. and Occ. Health Sciences (Primary department)
Marguerite Pappaioanou, DVM, MPVM, PhD, is an Affiliate Professor in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health at the University of Washington in Seattle, where she contributes to the research, teaching, and outreach programs of the Center for One Health Research. She is an epidemiologist and veterinarian with over 30 years’ experience working toward improving global and U.S. public health. Before coming to Seattle, she served most recently as CDC's Liaison to FDA for Food Safety. Over her career she has served 24 ½ years at CDC as an epidemiologist working on global emerging infectious and zoonotic disease surveillance, prevention and control programs, including assessing the effectiveness of malaria drugs in African national malaria control programs, designing and implementing the family of HIV seroprevalence surveys, directing a USAID funded global capacity building Data for Decision Making Project aimed at strengthening evidence-based public health policies and programs in Africa, Asia, and South America, providing assistance to developing countries in improving emerging infectious disease surveillance and disease prevention and control programs, directing CDC support of the Guide to Community Preventive Services – What Works to Promote Health, serving as Associate Director for Science and Policy in CDC’s Office of Global Health, and providing leadership in coordinating CDC's response to SARS, Monkeypox, and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza outbreaks. From 2005-2007, at the University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, she served as Professor of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, where she led a large NIH- and CDC- funded research program focused on surveillance for avian influenza and other emerging zoonotic infectious diseases at the human-animal interface. From 2007-2011, she served as Executive Director of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges. Dr. Pappaioanou has championed and and employed a one health approach to her research and improving public health practice. She is sought out as a subject matter expert on implementing One-health to improve human, animal, and ecosystem health.

Contact Information

Tel: 202-368-0050

Research Interests

  • One Health/Global Health/Planetary Health: Studying relationships between and identifying multidisciplinary approaches to improve human, animal, and ecosystem sustainability and health.
  • Emerging Zoonotic Infectious Diseases: Improving disease surveillance; prevention, response and control of these diseases in human and animal populations.
  • Global Health and Security: Addressing zoonotic and other infectious infectious disease threats, food safety, malaria prevention and control

Teaching interests

Specific courses yet to be determined.  Her teaching interests include One Health, Global Health, Planetary Health,  emphasizing the benefits and importance of bringing multiple expertise, perspectives, and views together to achieve sustainability and optimal health of human, animal, and their supporting ecosystems;  Bringing a multidisciplinary approach to conducting research that addresses critical information gaps for achieving healthy people, animals, and ecosystems; Multidisciplinary approaches for effective surveillance, prevention and control of zoonotic infectious diseases in human and animal populations and the protection of sustainable and healthy ecosystems; Priorities and approaches to ensuring global health security; Effective translation and communication of research findings and information from disease surveillance to bring about action and change.


PhD, Epidemiology, University of California (Davis), 1982
MPVM, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, University of California (Davis), 1976
DVM, Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, 1972
Selected Publications

Pappaioanou M and Gramer M. Lessons from Pandemic H1N1 2009 to Improve Preventing, Detecting, and Responding to Influenza Pandemics from a One Health Perspective. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. 2010. ILAR J 51:281-287.
Keusch G, Pappaioanou M, Scott K, Tsai P, Gonzalez M (Co-Editors). Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases. IOM/NRC Report, National Academies Press, Washington DC, December, 2009.
Pappaioanou, M. Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza Virus: Cause of the next Pandemic? Comparative Immunology, Microbiology, Infectious Disease. Review. 2009 32 (4): 287-300.

Wilkins K; Nsubuga P; Mendlein J; Mercer D; Pappaioanou M.  The data for decision making project: assessment of surveillance systems in developing countries to improve access to public health information.  Public health 2008; 122(9): 914-22.

Marano N, Arguin PM, Pappaioanou M. Impact of globalization and animal trade on infectious disease ecology. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 2007 Dec. Available from

Marano N, Arguin P, Pappaioanou M. King L. Role of multisector partnerships in controlling emerging zoonotic diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2005; 11:1813-1814.

Pappaioanou, M, Malison M, Wilkins, K, Otto B, Goodman RA, Churchill RE, White M, Thacker S. Strengthening capacity in developing countries for evidence-based public health: The Data for Decision Making Project. Social Science & Medicine, 2003, 57:1925-1937.

Pappaioanou, M.  Veterinary medicine protecting and promoting the public's health and well-being. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2003.

Briss P, Zaza S,  Pappaioanou M et al.  Developing an Evidence-Based Guide to Community Preventive Services-Methods American Journal of Preventive Medicine.  18 (1S): 35-43; 2000.

Pappaioanou M, Kashamuka M, Behets F, Mbala S, Biyela K, Davachi F, George JR, et al. Accurate detection of maternal antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Newborn Whole Blood Dried on Filter Paper.  AIDS. 7:483-488; 1993.

Gwinn M, Pappaioanou M, George JR, Hannon WH, Wasser SC, et al. Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus antibody in women delivering infants in the United States.  JAMA. 265: 1704-1708; 1992.

Wetterhall S, Pappaioanou M, Thacker SB, Eaker E, Churchill RE.  The role of public health surveillance: information for effective action in public health.  In Proceedings of the 1992 International Symposium on Public Health Surveillance. MMWR 1992; 41 (Suppl).

Pappaioanou M, Dondero TJ, Petersen LR, Onorato IM, Sanchez CD, Curran JW. The Family of HIV Seroprevalence Surveys:  Objectives, Methods, and Uses of Sentinel Surveillance for HIV in the United States.  Public Health Reports.  105: 113-119;1990.
Pappaioanou M, George JR, Hannon WH, Gwinn M, Dondero TJ, Grady GF,  Hoff R, Willoughby AD, Wright A, Novello AC, Curran JW.  The HIV Seroprevalence Surveys in Childbearing Women:  Objectives, Methods,  and Uses of Data.  Public Health Reports. 105: 147-152;1990.

Pappaioanou M, Lobel HO, Campbell CC.  A quantitative approach to recommendations on malaria prophylaxis.  Bulletin of the World Health Organization.  66:477-484;1988.

Collins WE, Pappaioanou M, Anders RF, Campbell GH, Brown GV, Kemp DJ, Broderson JR, Coppell RL, Skinner JC, Andrysiak PM, Favajoro JM, Corcoran LM, Ma NSF,  Mitchell GF, Campbell CC.  Immunization Trials  with the Ring Infected Erythrocyte Surface Antigen of Plasmodium falciparum in Aotus Monkeys.  Am. J. Trop. Med.  Hyg. 38:268-282;1988.

Pappaioanou M, Fishbein DB, Dreesen DW, Schwartz IK, Campbell GH, Sumner JW, Brown W.  Antibody response to pre-exposure human diploid cell rabies vaccine given concurrently with chloroquine. N. Engl. J. Med.  314:280-284;1986.

Pappaioanou M, Polydorou K and Schwabe CW.  Epidemiological analysis of the Cyprus Anti-echinococcosis campaign:  I. The prevalence of Echinococcus granulosus in Cypriot village dogs, the first dog-test period of the campaign, June-December, 1972.  Prev. Vet. Med. 3:159-180;1984.

Pappaioanou M, Polydorou K and Schwabe CW.  Epidemiological analysis of the Cyprus Anti-echinococcosis campaign:  II. The prevalence of hydatid cysts in slaughtered livestock, June to December, 1972.  Prev. Vet. Med. 3:181-195;1984.

Kinde H, Genigeorgis CA and Pappaioanou M.  Prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni in chicken wings.  Appl. Env. Microbio.  45:116-118;1983.

Pappaioanou M, Schwabe CW and Sard DM. An evolving pattern of human hydatid disease transmission in the United States.  Am J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 26:732-742; 1977.

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