Sverre Vedal, MD, MSc

Professor, Env. and Occ. Health Sciences (Primary department)
Adjunct Professor, General Internal Medicine
Sverre Vedal is Professor in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences at the University of Washington (UW) School of Public Health. He is a pulmonary physician and an epidemiologist with research interests in the adverse health effects of community air pollution and in occupational lung disease. He received his MD from the University of Colorado and MSc in epidemiology from Harvard University. Dr. Vedal directs the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Center for Clean Air Research at the University of Washington that employs the disciplines of exposure science, toxicology, epidemiology and biostatistics to investigate the cardiovascular health effects of exposure to multi-pollutant atmospheres. He has published widely on air pollution exposure and health effects and served on advisory committees of the US EPA and the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Vedal teaches courses in the UW School of Public Health, sees patients in the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Clinic at Harborview Medical Center in Seattle and supervises clinical trainees and graduate student research. He currently holds the AXA Research Fund Chair in Air Pollution and Health at the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences in Beijing, China and spends 3 to 4 months each year working with Chinese collaborators on air pollution exposure and health studies in China.

Contact Information

Box: 354695
4225 Roosevelt Way NE, Suite 100
Seattle, WA 98105-6099
Tel: 206-616-8285
Fax: 206-897-1991

Research Interests

  • Health effects of air pollution; Occupational lung disease
  • KEYWORDS: Air pollution, Cardiovascular disease and air pollution, Environmental epidemiology, Exposure estimation, Gene-environment interaction, Health effects of air pollution, Occupational and environmental lung disease, Occupational epidemiology, Ozone, Particulate matter, Respiratory disease, Wood smoke

Teaching interests

Community air pollution; Occupational and environmental epidemiology; Environmental and occupational respiratory disease


MD, Medicine, University of Colorado, 1976
MSc, Epidemiology, Harvard University, 1983


University of Washington Center for Clean Air Research (CCAR)
Funding Agency: EPA (RD-83479601 / EPA-RC2009-STAR-C1)

This is a center project involving several institutions and projects examining how pollution from roadways affects cardiovascular health. The research integrates the fields of exposure science, epidemiology, toxicology, clinical studies, and biostatistics to study the cardiovascular hazards of recent and aged roadway emissions.

AXA Distinguished Successional Chair in Air Pollution and Health
Funding Agency: AXA Research Fund

This AXA chair is administered through the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES) in Beijing, China. The goal is to promote collaboration between the chairholder and investigators and students at CRAES and elsewhere in China in investigating the health impacts of air pollution exposure in China.

Selected Publications

Wang M, Keller JP, Adar SD, Kim S-Y, Larson TV, Olives C, Sampson PD, Sheppard L, Szpiro AA, Vedal S, Kaufman JD.  Development of long-term spatiotemporal models for ambient ozone in six metropolitan regions of the United States: the MESA Air Study.  Atmos Environ (accepted for publication).

Alexander D, Larson T, Vedal S, Bolton S.  Associations between a cookstove intervention and lung function in indigenous Bolivian women: a small intervention study.  Global Public Health 2015 (in press).

Reul NK, Li W, Gallagher LG, Ray RM, Romano ME, Gao CL, Thomas DB, Vedal S, Checkoway H. Occupational metals, solvents, endotoxin and chemical exposures and pancreatic cancer risk among female Shanghai, China textile workers: an updated nested case-cohort study. J Occup Environ Med 2015 (in press).

Loftus C, Yost M, Sampson P, Torres E, Arias G, Vasquez VB, Hartin K, Armstrong J, Tchong-French M, Vedal S, Bhatti P, Karr C.  Ambient ammonia exposures in an agricultural community and pediatric asthma morbidity.  Epidemiol 2015 Sep 7. [Epub ahead of print] [PMID: 26352250]

Kim S-Y, Dutton SJ, Sheppard L, Hannigan MP, Miller SL, Milford J, Peel JL, Vedal S. Components of fine particulate matter and daily mortality in the Denver Aerosol Sources and Health (DASH) study.  Environ Health 2015; 14: 49.  DOI: 10.1186/s12940-015-0037-4

Kim S-Y, Sheppard L, Larson T, Kaufman JD, Vedal S.  Combining PM2.5 component data from multiple sources: data consistency and characteristics relevant to epidemiological analyses of predicted long-term exposures. Environ Health Perspect 2015; 123: 651–658.  DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1307744

Hajat A, Allison M, Diez-Roux AV, Jenny NS, Jorgensen NW, Szpiro AA, Vedal S, Kaufman JD.  Long-term exposure to air pollution and markers of inflammation, coagulation and endothelial activation: A repeat measures analysis in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).  Epidemiol 2015; 26: 310-320.  DOI: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000267

Alexander D, Larson T, Bolton S, Vedal S.  Systolic blood pressure changes in indigenous Bolivian women associated with an improved cookstove intervention.  Air Qual Atmos Health 2015; 8: 47-53. 

Keller JP, Olives C, Kim S-Y, Sheppard L, Sampson PD, Szpiro AA, Oron AP, Vedal S, Kaufman JD.  A unified spatiotemporal modeling approach for prediction of multiple air pollutants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution.  Environ Health Perspect 2015; 123: 301-309. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1408145

Young MT, Sandler DP, DeRoo LA, Vedal S, Kaufman JD, London SJ.  Ambient air pollution exposure and adult asthma in the Sister Study.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2014; 190: 914-21.  [PMID: 25172226]

Kim S-Y, Sheppard L, Kaufman JD, Bergen S, Szpiro AA, Larson T, Adar SD, Diez Roux AV, Polak JF, Vedal S.  Individual-level concentrations of fine particulate matter chemical components and subclinical atherosclerosis: a cross-sectional analysis based on two advanced exposure prediction models in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.  Am J Epidemiol 2014; 180: 718-728. [PMID:  25164422]

Merritt JL, Vedal S, Abdenur JE, Au SM, Barshop BA, Feuchtbaum L, Harding CO, Hermerath C, Lorey FW, Sesser DE, Thompson JD, Yu A.  Infants suspected to have very-long chain Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency from newborn screening. Molec Genet Metab 2014; 111: 484-492. [PMID:   24503138]

Bergen S, Sheppard L, Sampson PD, Kim S-Y, Richards M, Vedal S, Kaufman JD, Szpiro AA.  A national prediction model for components of PM2.5 and measurement error corrected health effect inference.  Environ Health Perspect 2013; 121: 1017-1025. [PMID:  23757600]

Vedal S, Campen MJ, McDonald JD, Kaufman JD, Larson TV, Sampson PD, Sheppard EA, Simpson CD, Szpiro AA. National Particle Component Toxicity (NPACT) Initiative Report on Cardiovascular Effects. Section 1: Vedal S, Kim S-Y, Miller KA, Fox JR, Bergen S, Gould T, Kaufman JD, Larson TV, Sampson PD, Sheppard EA, Simpson CD, Szpiro AA. NPACT Epidemiologic Study of Components of Fine Particulate Matter and Cardiovascular Disease in the MESA and WHI-OS Cohorts. Research Report 178, 2013. Health Effects Institute, Boston, MA.  [PMID:   24377210]

Kim S-Y, Sheppard L, Hannigan MP, Dutton SJ, Peel JL, Clark ML, Vedal S.  The sensitivity of health effect estimates from time-series studies to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) component sampling schedule.  J Expos Sci Environ Epidemiol 2013; 23: 481-486. [PMID:  23673462] 

Xie M, Barsanti KC, Hannigan MP, Dutton SJ, Vedal S.  Positive matrix factorization of PM2.5: eliminating the effects of gas/particle partitioning of semivolatile organic compounds.  Atmos Chem Physics 2013; 13: 7381-7393.

Iwanaga K, Elliott MS, Vedal S, Debley JS.  Urban particulate matter induces pro-remodeling factors by airway epithelial cells from healthy and asthmatic children.  Inhal Toxicol 2013; 25: 653-660. [PMID:  24102466]

Sun M, Kaufman JD, Kim S-Y, Larson T, Gould T, Polak JF, Budoff MJ, Diez Roux AV, Vedal S.  Particulate matter components and subclinical atherosclerosis: common approaches to estimating exposure in a Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis cross-sectional study.  Environ Health 2013; 12: 39. [PMID:  23641873]

Adar SD, Sheppard L, Vedal S, Polak JF, Sampson PD, Diez Roux AV, Budoff M, Jacobs DR, Barr RG, Watson K, Kaufman JD.  Fine particulate air pollution and the progression of carotid intima-medial thickness: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution.  PLoS Medicine 2013; 10(4): e1001430. [PMID:  23637576]

Xie M, Piedrahita R, Dutton SJ, Milford JB, Hemann JG, Peel JL, Miller SL, Kim S-Y, Vedal S, Sheppard L, Hannigan MP.  Positive matrix factorization of a 32-month series of daily PM2.5 speciation data with incorporation of temperature stratification.  Atmos Environ 2013; 65: 11-20.  [PMID:  25214809]

Solomon PA, Costantini M, Grahame TJ, Gerlofs-Nijland ME, Cassee FR, Russell AG, Brook JR, Hopke PK, Hidy G, Phalen RF, Saldiva P, Sarnat SE, Balmes JR, Tager IB, Ozkaynak H, Vedal S, Wierman SSG, Costa DL. Air pollution and health: bridging the gap from sources to health outcomes: conference summary.  Air Qual Atmos Health 2013; 5: 9-62.

Xie M, Coons TL, Dutton SJ, Milford JB, Miller SL, Peel JL, Vedal S, Hannigan MP.  Intra-urban spatial variability of PM2.5-bound carbonaceous components.  Atmos Environ 2012; 60: 486-494. 

Xie M, Coons TL, Hemann JG, Dutton SJ, Peel JL, Milford JB, Miller SL, Kim S-Y, Vedal S, Hannigan MP.  Intra-urban spatial variability and uncertainty assessment of PM2.5 sources based on carbonaceous species.  Atmos Environ 2012; 60: 305-315.  [PMID:  25214808]

Xie M, Hannigan MP, Dutton SJ, Milford JB, Hemann JG, Miller SL, Schauer J, Peel JL, Vedal S.  Positive matrix factorization of PM2.5: comparison and implications of using different speciation data sets.  Environ Sci Technol 2012; 46: 11962-70. [PMID:  22985292]

Kim S-Y, Peel JL, Hannigan MP, Dutton SJ, Sheppard L, Clark ML, Vedal S.  The temporal lag structure of short-term associations of fine particulate matter chemical constituents and cardiovascular and respiratory hospitalizations.  Environ Health Perspect 2012; 120: 1094-1099.

Cui L, Gallagher L, Ray RM, Wenjin L, Daoli G, Zhang Y, Vedal S, Thomas DB, Checkoway H.  Unexpected excess chronic obstructive pulmonary disease mortality among female silk textile workers in Shanghai, China.  Occup Environ Med 2011; 68: 883-887.

Courtice M, Takaro T, Vedal S, Davies H.  Asbestos-related disease in Bangladeshi shipbreakers: a pilot study.  Int J Occup Environ Health 2011; 17: 144-153.

Allen RW, Carlsten C, Karlen B, Leckie S, van Eeden S, Vedal S, Wong I, Brauer M.  An air filter intervention study of endothelial function among healthy adults in a woodsmoke-impacted community.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2011; 183: 1222-1230.

Vedal S, Kaufman JD.  What does multi-pollutant air pollution research mean?  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2011; 183: 4-6.

Dutton SJ, Vedal S, Piedrahita R, Milford JB, Miller SL, Hannigan MP.  Source apportionment using positive matrix factorization of inorganic and organic speciated PM2.5.  Atmos Environ 2010; 44: 2731-2741.

Mauderly J, Burnett R, Castillejos M, Özkaynak H, Samet J, Steib D, Vedal S, Wyzga R.  Is the air pollution health research community prepared to support a multi-pollutant air quality management framework?  Inhal Toxicol 2010; 22 (S1): 1-19.

Dutton SJ, Rajagopalan B, Vedal S, Hannigan MP.  Temporal patterns in daily measurements of inorganic and organic speciated PM2.5 in Denver.  Atmos Environ 2010; 44: 987-998.

Slama K, Chiang C-Y, Hinderaker SG, Bruce N, Vedal S, Enarson DA.  Indoor solid fuel combustion and tuberculosis:  is there an association?  Internat J Tuber Lung Dis 2010; 14: 6-14.

Vedal S.  Natural sources: wildland fires and volcanoes.  In: Tarlo S, Cullinan P, Nemery B, eds. Occupational and environmental lung diseases: diseases from work, home, outdoor and other exposures.  Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010, 391-404.

Dutton SJ, Williams DE, Garcia JK, Vedal S, Hannigan MP.  PM2.5 characterization for time series studies: organic molecular marker speciation methods and observations from daily measurements in Denver.  Atmos Environ 2009; 43: 2018-2030.

Vedal S, Hannigan MP, Dutton SJ, Miller SL, Milford JB, Rabinovitch N, Kim S-Y, Sheppard L.  The Denver Aerosol Sources and Health (DASH) study:  overview and early findings.  Atmos Environ 2009; 43: 1666-1673.

Dutton SJ, Schauer JJ, Vedal S, Hannigan MP.  PM2.5 characterization for time series studies:  pointwise uncertainty estimation and bulk speciation methods applied in Denver.  Atmos Environ 2009; 43: 1136-1146.

Vedal S.  Traffic and cardiovascular disease:  the challenge of estimating exposure.  Occup Environ Med 2009; 66: 787-788.

Vedal S.  Does air conditioning modify the effect of air pollution on mortality?  Epidemiol 2009; 20: 687-688.

Vedal S and Sullivan JH.  Particulate matter (Chapter 100).  In: Rom WN, ed.  Environmental and occupational medicine, 4th edition.  Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2007; 1487-1506.

Strand M, Hopke PK, Zhao W, Vedal S, Gelfand E, Rabinovitch N. A study of health effect estimates using competing methods to model personal exposures to ambient PM2.5.  J Expos Sci Environ Epidemiol 2007; 17: 549-558.

Nadadur SS, Miller A, Hopke PK, Gordon T, Vedal S, Vandenberg JJ, Costa DL.  The complexities of air pollution regulation:  the need for an integrated research and regulatory perspective.  Toxicol Sci 2007; 100: 318-327.

Alhabib KF, Vedal S, Champion P, FitzGerald JM.  The utility of ambulatory pH monitoring in patients presenting with chronic cough and asthma.  Can J Gastroenterol 2007: 21: 159-163. 

Mayer AS, Stoller JK, Vedal S, Ruttenber AJ, Strand M, Sandhaus RA, Newman LS.  Risk factors for symptom onset in PI*Z alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.  Int J COPD 2007; 1: 485-492.

Bateson TF, Coull BA, Hubbell B, Ito K, Jerrett M, Lumley T, Thomas D, Vedal S, Ross M.  Panel Discussion Review: Session Three – Issues involved in interpretation of epidemiologic analyses – statistical modeling.  J Expos Sci Environ Epidemiol 2007; 17: S90-S96.

Vedal S.  Title: Air, the environment, and public health.  Author: Kessel AS.  Respir Care 2007; 52: 70-72.

Chow JC, Watson,JG, Mauderly JL, Costa DL, Wyzga RE, Vedal S, Hidy GM, Altshuler SL, Marrack D, Heuss JM, Wolff GT, Pope CA III, Dockery DW.  Critical review discussion.  Health effects of fine particulate air pollution:  lines that connect.  J Air Waste Manage Assoc 2006; 56: 1368-1380. 

Regalado J, Perez-Padilla R, Sansores R, Paramo-Ramirez IJ, Brauer M, Paré P, Vedal S.  The effect of biomass burning on respiratory symptoms and lung function in rural Mexican women.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2006; 174: 901-905.

Vedal S, Dutton SJ.  Wildfire air pollution and daily mortality in a large urban area.  Environ Res 2006; 102: 29-35.

Strand M, Vedal S, Rodes C, Dutton S, Gelfand E, Rabinovitch N.  Estimating effects of ambient PM2.5 exposure on health using PM2.5 component measurements and regression calibration.  J Expos Sci Environ Epidemiol 2006: 16: 30-38.

Vedal S.  Where there’s fire, there’s smoke.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2006; 174:1168-1169.

Sutherland ER, Make BJ, Vedal S, Zhang L, Dutton SJ, Murphy JR, Silkoff PE.  Wildfire smoke and respiratory symptoms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.  J Allerg Clin Immunol 2005; 115: 420-422. [PMID:  5696107]

Stephenson AL, Flint J, English J, Vedal S, Fradet G, Chittock D, Levy RD.  Interpretation of transbronchial lung biopsies from lung transplant recipients: inter- and intra-observer agreement.  Can Respir J 2005; 12: 75-77.

Silkoff PE, Zhang L, Dutton S, Langmack EL, Vedal S, Murphy J, Make B.  Winter air pollution and disease parameters in advanced pulmonary disease panels residing in Denver, Colorado.  J Allerg Clin Immunol 2005; 115: 237-244.

Rabinovitch N, Zhang L, Murphy J, Vedal S, Dutton S, Gelfand EW.  Health effects of ambient air pollution in children with moderate to severe asthma.  J Allerg Clin Immunol 2004; 114: 1131-1137.

Mayo JR, Kim KI, MacDonald SLS, Johkoh T, Kavanagh P, Coxson HO, Vedal S.  Reduced radiation dose helical chest CT:  effect on reader evaluation of structures and lung findings.  Radiology 2004; 232: 749-756.

Hernández-Garduño E, Brauer M, Pérez-Neria J, Vedal S.  Wood smoke exposure and lung adenocarcinoma in nonsmoking Mexican women:  a case-control study.  Int J TB Lung Dis 2004; 8: 377-383.

Rich K, Brauer M, Vedal S, Petkau J.  A case-crossover analysis of particulate air pollution and cardiac arrhythmia in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.  Inhal Toxicol 2004; 16: 363-372. 

Vedal S, Rich K, Brauer M, White R, Petkau J.  Air pollution and cardiac arrhythmias in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.  Inhal Toxicol 2004; 16: 353-362.

Frangolias DD, Holloway CL, Vedal S, Wilcox PG.  Role of exercise and lung function in predicting work status in cystic fibrosis.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003; 167: 150-157.

Vedal S, Brauer M, White R, Petkau J.  Air pollution and daily mortality in a city with low levels of pollution.  Environ Health Perspect 2003; 111: 45-51.

Brauer M, Brumm J, Vedal S, Petkau AJ.  Exposure misclassification and threshold concentrations in time series analyses of air pollution health effects.  Risk Anal 2002; 22: 1183-1193.

Bates DV and Vedal S.  Adverse health effects (Chapter 4).  In: Bates DV, Caton RB, eds.  A citizen’s guide to air pollution.   2nd ed.  Vancouver:  David Suzuki Foundation; 2002.

Vedal S.  Update on the health effects of outdoor air pollution.  In:  Rose CS, Redlich C, eds.  Occupational and environmental lung disease.  Clinics Chest Med 2002; 23: 763-775.

Brauer M, Ebelt ST, Fisher TV, Brumm J, Petkau AJ, Vedal S.  Exposure of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients to particles: respiratory and cardiovascular health effects.  J Expos Anal Environ Epidemiol 2001; 11: 490-500.

Brauer M, Avila-Casado C, Fortoul T, Vedal S, Stevens B, Churg A.  Air pollution and retained particles in the lung.  Environ Health Perspect 2001 109: 1039-1043.

Alamoudi OS, Logan PM, Müller NL, Vedal S, Abboud RT.  High-resolution computed tomography and survival in fibrosing alveolitis.  Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2000; 8: 353-356.

Ebelt ST, Fisher TV, Petkau AJ, Vedal S, Brauer M.  Exposure of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients to particulate matter: relationship between personal and ambient air concentrations.   J Air Waste Manage Assoc 2000; 50: 1081-1094.

Vedal S.  The role of the outdoor environment in asthma.  In: FitzGerald JM, Ernst P, Boulet L-P, O’Byrne P, eds.  Evidence-based asthma.  Hamilton, Ontario:  BC Decker Inc.; 2000; 69-79.

Brauer M, Vedal S.  Health effects of photochemical smog: seasonal and acute lung function change in outdoor workers.   J Environ Med 1999; 1: 163-170.

Almoamary M, Black W, Bessuille E, Elwood K, Vedal S.  The significance of the persistent presence of acid-fast bacilli in sputum smears in pulmonary tuberculosis.  Chest 1999; 116: 726-731.

West JA, Dakhama A, Khan MA, Vedal S, Hegele RG.  Community study using a polymerase chain reaction panel to determine the prevalence of common respiratory viruses in asthmatic and nonasthmatic children.  J Asthma 1999; 36: 605-612.

Churg A, Brauer M, Vedal S, Stevens B.  Ambient mineral particles in the small airways of the normal lung.  J Environ Med 1999; 1: 39-45.

Wright JL, Sun JP, Vedal S.  Long term cigarette smoke exposure does not increase airway responsiveness in rats.  Lung 1998: 176: 289-297.

Turner MO, Noertjojo K, Vedal S, Bai T, Crump S, FitzGerald JM.  Risk factors for near fatal asthma: a case control study.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998; 157: 1804-1809.

Vedal S, Petkau J, White R, Blair J.  Acute effects of ambient inhalable particles in asthmatic and non-asthmatic children.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998; 157:1034-1043.

Vedal S.  Lung health and the environment in developing countries.  Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1998; 2: S71-S76.

Wright JL, Sun JP, Vedal S.  A longitudinal analysis of pulmonary function in rats during a twelve month cigarette smoke exposure.  Eur Respir J 1997; 10:1115-1119.

Vedal S.  Health effects of ambient particles: lines that divide.  J Air Waste Manage Assoc 1997; 47:551-581.

Brauer M, Blair J, Vedal S.  Effect of ambient ozone exposure on lung function in farm workers.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996; 154:981-987.

Perez-Padilla R, Regalado J, Vedal S, Paré P, Chapela R, Selman M.  Exposure to biomass smoke and chronic airway disease in Mexican women: a case-control study.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996; 154:701-706.

Moore B, Hilliam C, Verburgt L, Wiggs B, Vedal S, Paré P.  Shape and position of the complete dose response curve for methacholine in normal subjects.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996; 154:642-648.

Churg A, Vedal S.  Carinal and tubular airway particle concentrations in the large airways of non-smokers in the general population: evidence for high particle concentrations at airway carinas.  Occup Environ Med 1996; 53:553-566.

Wright JL, Sun J-P, Vedal S, Churg A.  Effect of cigarette smoke on bronchial reactivity.  Can Respir J 1995; 2:231-235.

Okazawa M, Vedal S, Verburgt L, Lambert RK, Paré PD.  Determinants of airway smooth muscle shortening in excised canine lobes.  J Appl Physiol 1995; 78:608-614.

Mayo JR, Hartman TE, Lee KS, Primack SL, Vedal S, Müller NL.  CT of the chest: minimal tube current required for good image quality with the least radiation dose.  Am J Roentg 1995; 164: 603-607.

Vedal S.  Outdoor air pollution and obstructive airways disease.  Eur Respir Rev 1995; 5:323-326.

Churg A, Vedal S.  Fiber burden and patterns of asbestos-related disease in workers with heavy mixed amosite and chrysotile exposure.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994; 150:663-669.

Kennedy SM, Dimich-Ward H, Desjardins A, Kassam A, Vedal S, Yeung M.  Respiratory health among retired grain elevator workers.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994; 150:59-65.

Schenker MB and Vedal S.  Occupational asthma.  In: Gershwin ME, ed.  Bronchial asthma: principles of diagnosis and treatment.  3rd ed. New York: Grune and Stratton; 1994; 619-637.

Churg A, Wright J, Vedal S.  Fiber burden and patterns of asbestos-related disease in chrysotile miners and millers.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1993; 148:25-31.

Lam S, Hung JYC, Kennedy SM, LeRiche JC, Vedal S, Nelems B, MacAulay CE, Palcic B.  Detection of dysplasia and carcinoma in situ by ratio fluorometry.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1992; 146:1458-1461.

Korzeniewska-Kosela M, Fitzgerald JM, Vedal S, Allen EA, Schecter MT, Lawson L, Phillips P, Black W, Montaner JSG.  Spectrum of tuberculosis in patients with HIV infection in British Columbia: report of 40 cases.  Can Med Assoc J 1992; 146:1927-1934.

Vedal S.  Asthma: countering sobering statistics.  BC Med J 1992; 34:650.

Vedal S.  Asthma and air pollution.  BC Med J 1992; 34:654-656.

Kennedy SM, Vedal S, Müller N, Kassam A, Chan-Yeung M.  Lung function and chest radiograph abnormalities among construction insulators.  Am J Indust Med 1991; 20:673-684.

Zwirewich C, Vedal S, Miller RR, Müller N. Solitary pulmonary nodule:  high resolution CT and radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiology 1991; 179:469-476.

Dunn DP, Vedal S, San RHC, Kwan WF, Nelems B, Enarson DA, Stich HF.  DNA adducts in bronchial biopsies.  Int J Cancer 1991; 48:485-492.

Vedal S.  Asthma and air pollution.  Second Wind (Alberta Lung Association) 1991; 2:20-21.

Kennedy SM, Burrows B, Vedal S, Enarson DA, Chan-Yeung M.  Methacholine responsiveness among working populations: relationship to smoking and airway caliber.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1990; 142:1377-1383.

Kinsella M, Müller NL, Vedal S, Staples C, Abboud RT, Chan-Yeung M.  Emphysema in silicosis: a comparison of smokers with non-smokers using pulmonary function testing and computed tomography.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1990; 141:1497-1500.

Cook NR, Evans DA, Scherr PA, Speizer FE, Vedal S, Hennekens CH, Branch LG, Huntley JC, Taylor JO.  Peak expiratory flow rate in an elderly population.  Am J Epidemiol 1989; 130:66-78.

Miller RR, Müller NL, Vedal S, Morrison NJ, Staples CA.  Limitations of computed tomography in the assessment of emphysema.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1989; 139:980-983.

Enarson DA, Vedal S, Chan-Yeung M.  Assessment of airways responsiveness in working populations.  In: Handbook of Health and Safety in Agriculture.  Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 1989; 19-22.

Vedal S and Chan-Yeung M.  Airways responsiveness and atopy in occupational airways disease.  In: Weiss ST, Sparrow D, eds.  Airways responsiveness and atopy in the development of chronic lung disease.  Boston: Raven Press; 1989; 271-292.

Vedal S, Enarson D, Chan-Yeung M.  Airway size and the rate of pulmonary function decline in grainhandlers.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1988; 138:1584-1588

Enarson DE, Vedal S, Chan-Yeung M.  Fate of grainhandlers with bronchial hypersensitivity.  Clin Invest Med 1988; 11:193-197.

Chan-Yeung M, Abboud R, Dy Buncio A, Vedal S.  Peripheral leukocyte count and longitudinal decline in lung function.  Thorax 1988; 43:462-466.

Kinsella M, Müller N, Staples C, Vedal S, Chan-Yeung M.  Hyperinflation in asthma and emphysema: assessment by pulmonary function testing and computed tomography.  Chest 1988; 94:286-289.

Vedal S, Enarson D, Ochnio J, MacLean L, Tse KS, Chan-Yeung M.  A longitudinal study of the occurrence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness in western red cedar workers.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1988; 137:651-655.

Vedal S, Welsh E, Miller RR, Müller N.  Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP): computed tomographic findings before and after treatment with corticosteroids.  Chest 1988; 93:215-217.

Enarson DA, Schulzer M, Vedal S, Chan-Yeung M.  Summarizing methacholine bronchoprovocation data in epidemiologic surveys.  Bull Eur Physiopathol Respir 1987; 23:387-389.

Müller NL, Staples CA, Miller RR, Vedal S, Thurlbeck WM, Ostrow DN.  Disease activity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: CT and pathologic correlation.  Radiology 1987; 23:387-389.

Enarson D, Vedal S, Schulzer M, Dy Buncio A, Chan-Yeung M.  Asthma, asthma-like symptoms, chronic bronchitis, and the degree of bronchial hyper-responsiveness in epidemiologic surveys.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1987; 136:613-617.

Staples CA, Müller NL, Vedal S, Abboud R, Ostrow D, Miller RR.  Usual interstitial pneumonia: correlation of CT with clinical, functional and radiologic findings.  Radiology 1987; 162:377-381.

Vedal S, Schenker MB, Munoz A, Samet JM, Batterman S, Speizer FE.  Daily air pollution effects on children's respiratory symptoms and peak expiratory flow.  Am J Public Health 1987; 77:694-699.

Vedal S, Chan-Yeung M, Enarson D, Chan H, Dorken E, Tse KS.  Plicatic acid specific IgE and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in western red cedar workers.  J Allerg Clin Immunol 1986; 78:1103-1109.

Schenker MB, Vedal S, Batterman S, Samet J, Speizer FE.  Health effects of air pollution due to coal combustion in the Chestnut Ridge region of Pennsylvania: cross-sectional survey of children.  Arch Environ Health 1986; 1986; 41:104-108.

Vedal S, Chan-Yeung M, Enarson D, Fera T, MacLean L, Langille R, Tse KS.  Symptoms and pulmonary function in western red cedar workers related to duration of employment and dust exposure.  Arch Environ Health 1986; 41:179-183.

Bergin C, Müller N, Vedal S, Chan-Yeung M.  CT in silicosis: correlation with plain films and pulmonary function tests.  Am J Radiol 1986; 146:477-483.

Kus J, Tse KS, Vedal S, Chan-Yeung M.  Lymphocyte populations in patients with allergic and non-allergic asthma.  Ann Allergy 1986; 15:523-529.

Enarson D, Vedal S, Chan-Yeung M.  Rapid decline in FEV1 in grainhandlers: relation to level of dust exposure.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1986; 132:814-817.

Schenker MB and Vedal S.  Occupational asthma.  In: Gershwin ME, ed.  Bronchial asthma: principles of diagnosis and treatment.  2nd ed. New York: Grune and Stratton; 1986; 297-312.

Vedal S, Yeung M, Ashley MJ, Lam S, Enarson D.  Does a family history of allergy predict immediate skin reactivity?  Can Med Assoc J 1985; 132:34-37.

Enarson D, Chan-Yeung M, Kus J, Tabona M, Vedal S, Lam S.  Predictors of bronchial hyper-excitability in grain handlers.  Chest 1985; 87:452-455.

Chan-Yeung M, Vedal S, Lam S, Enarson D.  Immediate skin reactivity and its relationship to age, sex, race, smoking and occupational exposure.  Arch Environ Health 1985; 40:53-57.

Vedal S.  Epidemiological studies of childhood illness and pulmonary function associated with gas stove use.  In: Gammage RB and Kaye SV, eds.  Indoor air and human health.  Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.; 1985, 303-316.

Kus J, Vedal S, Kijek K, Chan-Yeung M.  Absence of day to day variation in lymphocyte subpopulations in healthy humans.  Allergol et Immunopathol 1984; 12:407-409.

Chan-Yeung M, Vedal S, Kus J, Dorken E, Enarson D.  Symptoms, pulmonary function, and bronchial hyperreactivity in western red cedar workers compared to office workers.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1984; 130:1038-1041.

Vedal S, Schenker MB, Samet JM, Speizer FE.  Risk factors for childhood respiratory disease: an analysis of pulmonary function.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1984; 130:187-192.

Vedal S, Crapo RO.  False positive rates of multiple pulmonary function tests in healthy subjects.  Bull Eur Physiopathol Respir 1983; 19:263-266.

Rom WN, Vedal S, Lockey J et al.  Other occupational lung diseases.  In: Rom WN, ed.  Environmental and occupational medicine.  Boston: Little, Brown and Co.; 1983; 251-266.

Vedal S, Anatharaman A, Israel RH.  Hidden asthmatic: identification required for propranolol usage.  NY State J Med 1980; 80: 648-649.

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